The population of Bharat has been projected to reach 1.64 billion by 2020, and to feed this significant population, food production will have to increase by 70%. As a consequence, it is becoming undeniable that changes in the food system are vital to guarantee that it handles the challenges of the rapidly growing population. Food systems are at crossroads; as a result of which a substantial shift in the production system is required. Hence, switching from the current food system to sustainable agriculture could be quite lucrative.
Sustainable agriculture is important for lowering Greenhouse Gas Emissions and safeguarding energy and water. It provides resilience for a planet increasingly confronting the vagaries of climate change since it focuses on cultivating a diversity of crops rather than single breed crops whilst also ensuring that the soils are robust to provide the necessary nutrients. Nevertheless, the merits of sustainable agriculture are not merely confined to the aforesaid. Sustainable farming would not only serve to protect our planet’s resources but would also contribute to protect and sustain the livelihoods of thousands of people.
Bharat, like most of the emerging countries, is still predominantly an agrarian country. Agriculture provides a living for more than 60% of the inhabitants. Despite being a generational vocation, farmers are struggling to make a livelihood for their families as a result of social, economic, and environmental changes.
Farmers sometimes seek shelter in their own intuition and hearsay from their acquaintances, which can lead to a downward spiral of bad decision-making. Hence, it is critical to address this knowledge gap. Many organizations are trying to extend help. But, the scale of actual impact, however, is confounded by logistical and resource challenges. The Green Foundation, a Bangalore-based NGO is striving to bridge this gap.
Their efforts to empower Bharat’s small and marginal farmers began in 1994 with a basic initiative to distribute indigenous seed types in and around Thalli, Tamil Nadu. The Green Foundation endeavors for a well-preserved, varied ecology that support the current rural lives without depleting finite resource reserves. The NGO promotes diverse and resilient production methods, such as mixed livestock, fish, crops, and agroforestry, in order to protect and improve biodiversity and the natural resource base.
The Green Foundation capitalizes on natural social dynamics to amplify a single extension worker’s ability to evangelize agricultural practices. Supplementarily, the organization is also assisting farmers and customers in transitioning to organic and also striving to create profitable rural businesses and producer institutions. The NGO delivers comprehensive training and capacity development in sustainable agriculture methods to reduce farmers’ reliance on costly inputs such as chemical fertilizers, herbicides, and so on.
Farmers that apply these sustainable techniques will use less non-renewable energy, employ fewer chemicals, and save limited resources. When contemplating the growing population and need for food, keeping the land healthy and replenished may go a long way.