Bharat is the second-most populous country in the World with 1.37 billion people. A UN report released a year earlier reported that around the year 2027, Bharat is projected to overtake China as the World’s most populous country. Inappropriate population density has an adverse effect on the human development index due to insufficient resources. With an increasing population, consumption increases. And, this leads to more exploitation of fixed and extractable resources.
The population is not a universal challenge. It is typical for nations whose economies have not yet achieved full potential and growth. Africa and some Latin countries also have very high population growth rates. China, which is the most populous country, has achieved very commendable control over the growth of its population, although its methods are highly autocratic and cannot be replicated in democracies.
We know that the birth rate is mainly responsible for rapid population growth. Therefore measures that reduce the birth rate should be adopted. These measures can be classified into different categories.
- Literate Bharat – Education changes people’s attitudes. Educated people are more disciplined and follow norms. Educated women avoid repeated pregnancies. This also helps in reducing the birth rate.
- Raising Status of Women – We still witness girl children are not given equal opportunity to develop socially and economically. Their nurturing is limited to raising and nurturing offspring which rises the birth rate.
- Social Security – Every citizen must be covered under appropriate social security schemes. So that they do not depend on others in the event of sickness, unemployment, old age, etc. Social security will help people to have less desire for more children.
- Recreational Facilities – With more access to alternate recreational facilities, like sports, arts, culture, literature, the birth rate shall decline.
- Spreading Awareness – People need to understand the consequences of having many children, with limited resources. Government and non-government institutions shall conduct campaigns and aware people that how the limited resources in nutrition, education, medical facilities, etc. are affecting their future which could be peaceful with the fewer children in their family.
High population density is the root of illiteracy and malnutrition in Bharat. A well-aware citizen contributes to the reconstruction of Bharat.